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This paper addresses a new version of the exible ow line prob- lem, i.e., the budget constrained one, in order to determine the required num- ber of processors at each station along with the selection of the most eco- nomical process routes for products. Since a number of parameters, such as due dates, the amount of available budgets and the cost of opting particular routes, are imprecise (fuzzy) in practice, they are treated as fuzzy variables. Furthermore, to investigate the model behavior and to validate its attribute, we propose three fuzzy programming models based upon credibility measure, namely expected value model, chance-constrained programming model and dependent chance-constrained programming model, in order to transform the original mathematical model into a fuzzy environment. To solve these fuzzy models, a hybrid meta-heuristic algorithm is proposed in which a genetic al- gorithm is designed to compute the number of processors at each stage; and a particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is applied to obtain the op- timal value of tardiness variables. Finally, computational results and some concluding remarks are provided.

In this paper we extend the notion of degrees of membership and non-membership of intuitionistic fuzzy sets to lattices and introduce a residuated lattice with appropriate operations to serve as semantics of intuitionistic fuzzy logic. It would be a step forward to find an algebraic counterpart for intuitionistic fuzzy logic. We give the main properties of the operations defined and prove some theorems to demonstrate our goal.

This paper continues the study of the connection between hyper- groups and fuzzy sets, investigating the length of the sequence of join spaces associated with a hypergroup. The classes of complete hypergroups and of 1-hypergroups are considered and analyzed in this context. Finally, we give a method to construct a nite hypergroup with the strong fuzzy grade equal to a given natural number

Ranking fuzzy numbers plays a very important role in decision making and some other fuzzy application systems. Many different methods have been proposed to deal with ranking fuzzy numbers. Constructing ranking indexes based on the centroid of fuzzy numbers is an important case. But some weaknesses are found in these indexes. The purpose of this paper is to give a new ranking index to rank various fuzzy numbers effectively. Finally, several numerical examples following the procedure indicate the ranking results to be valid.

In this paper, a new algorithm for edge detection based on fuzzyconcept is suggested. The proposed approach defines dynamic membershipfunctions for different groups of pixels in a 3 by 3 neighborhood of the centralpixel. Then, fuzzy distance and -cut theory are applied to detect the edgemap by following a simple heuristic thresholding rule to produce a thin edgeimage. A large number of experiments are employed to confirm the robustnessof the proposed algorithm. In the experiments different cases such as normalimages, images corrupted by Gaussian noise, and uneven lightening imagesare involved. The results obtained are compared with some famous algorithmssuch as Canny and Sobel operators, a competitive fuzzy edge detector, and astatistical based edge detector. The visual and quantitative comparisons showthe effectiveness of the proposed algorithm even for those images that werecorrupted by strong noise.

In this paper a linear Fuzzy Fredholm Integral Equation(FFIE) with arbitrary Fuzzy Function input and symmetric triangular (Fuzzy Interval) output is considered. For each variable, output is the nearest triangular fuzzy number (fuzzy interval) to the exact fuzzy solution of (FFIE).

In this paper, we investigate the L-fuzzy proximities and the relationships betweenL-fuzzy topologies, L-fuzzy topogenous order and L-fuzzy uniformity. First, we show that the category of-fuzzy topological spaces can be embedded in the category of L-fuzzy quasi-proximity spaces as a coreective full subcategory. Second, we show that the category of L -fuzzy proximity spaces is isomorphic to the category of L-fuzzy topogenous order spaces. Finally,we obtain that the category of L-fuzzy proximity spaces can be embeddedin the category of L-fuzzy uniform spaces as a bireective full subcategory.

Let $(X, N)$ be a fuzzy normed space and $A$ be a fuzzy boundedsubset of $X$. We define fuzzy $ell^infty$-sums and fuzzy $c_0$-sums offuzzy normed spaces. Then we will show that in these spaces, all fuzzyuniquely remotal sets are singletons.

The aim of the present paper is to define and study (IC)$LM$-fuzzytopological spaces, a generalization of (weakly) induced $LM$-fuzzytopological spaces. We discuss the basic properties of(IC)$LM$-fuzzy topological spaces, and introduce the notions ofinterior (IC)-fication and exterior (IC)-fication of $LM$-fuzzytopologies and prove that {bf ICLM-FTop} (the category of(IC)$LM$-fuzzy topological spaces) is an isomorphism-closed fullproper subcategory of {bf LM-FTop} (the category of $LM$-fuzzytopological spaces) and {bf ICLM-FTop} is a simultaneouslybireflective and bicoreflective full subcategory of {bf LM-FTop}.

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