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In this paper, a new Fuzzy Morphology (FM) based on the GeneralizedDempster-Shafer Theory (GDST) is proposed. At first, in order to clarify the similarity ofdefinitions between Mathematical Morphology (MM) and Dempster-Shafer Theory (DST),dilation and erosion morphological operations are studied from a different viewpoint. Then,based on this similarity, a FM based on the GDST is proposed. Unlike previous FM’s,proposed FM does not need any threshold to obtain final eroded or dilated set/image. Thedilation and erosion operations are carried out independently but complementarily. The GDSTbased FM results in various eroded and dilated images in consecutive α-cuts, making a nestedset of convex images, where each dilated image at a larger α-cut is a subset of the dilatedimage at a smaller α-cut. Dual statement applies to eroded images.

i.p.s. hypergroups are canonical hypergroups such that$[forall(a,x),a+xni x]Longrightarrow[a+x=x].$i.p.s. hypergroups were investigated in [1], [2], [3], [4] and it was proved thatif the order is less than 9, they are strongly canonical (see [13]). In this paperwe obtain the sequences of fuzzy sets and of join spaces determined (see [8])by all i.p.s. hypergroups of order seven. For the meaning of the hypergroupsiH and the notations, see [7], [8].

First we show that the cosets of a fuzzy ideal μ in a BCK-algebraX form another BCK-algebra X/μ (called the fuzzy quotient BCK-algebra of X by μ). Also we show thatX/μ is a fuzzy partition of X and we prove several some isomorphism theorems. Moreover we prove that if the associated fuzzy similarity relation of a fuzzy partition P of a commutative BCK-algebra iscompatible, then P is a fuzzy quotient BCK-algebra. Finally we define thenotion of a coset of a fuzzy ideal and an element of a BCK-algebra and proverelated theorems.

Pedomodels have become a popular topic in soil science and environmentalresearch. They are predictive functions of certain soil properties based on other easily orcheaply measured properties. The common method for fitting pedomodels is to use classicalregression analysis, based on the assumptions of data crispness and deterministic relationsamong variables. In modeling natural systems such as soil system, in which the aboveassumptions are not held true, prediction is influential and we must therefore attempt toanalyze the behavior and structure of such systems more realistically. In this paper weconsider fuzzy least squares regression as a means of fitting pedomodels. The theoretical andpractical considerations are illustrated by developing some examples of real pedomodels.

In this note first we define the notions of fuzzy positive implicativehyper BCK-ideals of types 1,2,3 and 4. Then we prove some theorems whichcharacterize the above notions according to the level subsets. Also we obtainthe relationships among these notions, fuzzy (strong, weak, reflexive) hyperBCK-ideals and fuzzy positive implicative hyper BCK-ideals of types 5,6,7and 8. Then, we define the notions of fuzzy (weak) implicative hyper BCKidealsand we obtain some related results. Finally, by considering the productof two hyper BCK-algebras we give some theorems which show that how theprojections of a fuzzy (positive implicative, implicative) hyper BCK-ideal isagain a fuzzy (positive implicative, implicative) hyper BCK-ideal.

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