Document Type : Research Paper
Institute of Operational Research and Cybernetics, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou, China
In this paper, the conception of centroid of $n$-dimensional fuzzy number is introduced via
regarding its membership function as the density function on its support set, and some properties of it are obtained. Compared with the mean of the multi dimensional fuzzy number, the centroid takes into account the overall relationship between the edge membership functions of the membership function of the multi dimensional fuzzy number. Therefore, it can approximate (characterize) the fuzzy number more objectively and reasonably than using the mean of the multi dimensional fuzzy number. The most important work of this paper is that for two special kinds of multi dimensional fuzzy numbers (fuzzy $n$-cell numbers and fuzzy $n$-ellipsoid numbers), we respectively give calculation formulas, which can be used conveniently in application since the formulas are based on a definite integral of the level set functions of the multi dimensional fuzzy number on the unit interval $[0,1]$, rather than the multiple integral of the membership function of the multi dimensional fuzzy number itself on its support set. Then, by using the calculation formulas, we obtain another special property of the centroid for fuzzy $n$-cell number and fuzzy $n$-ellipsoid number. Finally, as an example of application, by using the centroid of multi dimensional fuzzy number, we define a fuzzy order on $n$-dimensional fuzzy number space, which can be used to rank uncertain or imprecise multichannel digital information.