# Interval-valued q-rung orthopair fuzzy integrals and their application in multi-criteria group decision making

Document Type : Original Manuscript

Authors

1 Sichuan University

2 School of Business Administration, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 610207, China

Abstract

The generalized interval-valued orthopair fuzzy sets provide an extension of Yager’s generalized orthopair fuzzy sets, where membership and non-membership degrees are subsets of closed interval [0, 1]. Due to the uncertainty and ambiguity of real life, it is more superior for decision makers to provide their judgments by intervals rather than crisp numbers. Moreover, in the era of huge scale and rapid updating of information, individual weights have been quietly diluted, and the integration of information one by one is time-consuming and complicated. In recent years, some  cholars have conducted research on the calculus of generalized orthopair fuzzy sets, but no research has further revealed the intrinsic connection between the integrals of generalized interval-valued orthopair fuzzy sets and traditional aggregation operators, which is very important in applications such as large group decision making. In order to fill this theoretical gap, this paper aims to study the integrals of generalized interval-valued orthopair fuzzy functions. In detail, we define the indefinite integral starting from the inverse operations of the interval-valued q-rung orthopair fuzzy functions  (IVq-ROFFs)’ derivatives, and some fundamental properties with rigorous mathematical proofs are also discussed. To be more  practical, we continue to develop definite integrals for both simplified and generalized IVq-ROFFs. Besides, we give the corresponding Newton-Leibniz formula through limit procedure, which shows the calculation relationship between the  indefinite and definite integrals of the IVq-ROFFs. After obtaining the basic calculus results under generalized interval-valued orthopair fuzzy circumstance, we further reveal the inherent link between the integrals of generalized IVq-ROFFs and the traditional discrete aggregation operators. Finally, the practicability and feasibility of the proposed definite  integral models are illustrated by an example of public health emergency group decision-making, and sensitivity analysis and comparison are also carried out.

Keywords

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